You’ve most likely seen containers on building sites or being transported on lorries, ships or trains. They are extremely versatile and can be used for a wide variety of storage and shipping applications. Conversions are also becoming extremely popular, with many individuals and businesses transforming old units into affordable and eco-friendly buildings. Freight boxes are most commonly converted into office buildings, shops, or temporary bars and restaurants.
Shipping units have many useful purposes, but do you know how they are made? Perhaps you’re curious or just want to gain some insight into how your units are constructed. Below, we are going to discuss the steps involved when manufacturing shipping units.
Step 1: Cutting of steel sheets
Containers can be made from various materials, but most are constructed from steel. Typically, the first step in constructing involves steel sheets arriving at a local steel service centre. These are usually delivered in large rolls and need to be de-coiled before being measured and cut to size using specialist equipment.
Step 2: Surface preparation
Once the steel sheets have been cut to size, the metal surface needs to be prepared using shot blasting and priming. This is to remove any contaminants such as dirt, rust, and so on.
Step 3: Pressing
The steel sheets are then passed through a corrugated pressing machine. This is a crucial step in the manufacturing process, as it strengthens the metal and ensures that it will be strong and durable once constructed.
Step 4: Side panel welding
Once the steel sheets have been prepared and corrugated, the construction can begin. The individual side panels are welded together to form a complete panel which is measured to fit the sidewall. Square tubing is welded on the top and bottom of the side panels to improve the overall strength.
Step 5: Floor frame assemble
Once the side panels are complete, the floor frame needs assembling. The floor frame is manufactured using I-beams. In most cases, two longer I-beams are placed at a right angle and smaller I-beams are then welded together to fill the space. The final step is to use an angle grinder to sand the floor and ensure that there are no rough edges.
Step 6: Door and corner assemble
Door and corner posts are completed separately before being attached to the floor frame. Again, the doors are cut to size before being prepared and sanded. Square steel tubing is also added to the top and bottom of the door to increase durability. The corner posts are then welded to the floor and the individual doors are welded in-place.
Step 7: Main assembly
The final step of assembling is to complete the box by welding all of the individual sections together. Typically, the door frames and wall panels are put into position using a crane. The final step is for the roof panel to be carefully lowered down and then welded to fit. This should now represent a typical container.
Step 8: Painting and primer
Once the construction is complete, it is taken to a workshop to be painted. A primer is applied first to ensure a smooth finish. It is then sprayed with paint several times. This is to ensure that the exterior is protected from harsh weather when it is being transported or used as outdoor storage.
Step 9: Wooden flooring
Once painted, wooden flooring is installed inside. To do this, plywood panels are placed on top of the floor panel inside. The panels are varnished with a protective coating before being fitted to make sure that there aren’t any pests or bugs in the wood.
Step 10: Inspection
The final step in the manufacturing process is for the finished product to be inspected. They are tested to ensure that the quality meets the container construction standard required. Testing involves checking various elements, such as sidewall strength, roof strength and maximum weight capacity. Final inspection checks and repairs are completed in the shipping depot. If no faults are found, then then it is ready to be sent to its intended destination.
Contact us to learn more about shipping containers
You can contact our specialist team for more information on containers and their applications. We offer a wide selection of new and used units for purchase and hire. This includes our most popular 20ft, along with 10ft and 40ft and other specialist designs.